Beethoven: VI. Symphony “Pastorale”
Mussorgsky: One night on the barren mountain Debussy: The sea
Conductor: Péter Dobszay
As the literature has pointed out very early on, Beethoven’s symphonies can be arranged in pairs: in addition to articulating a serious message, a composition with a more relaxed tone matured almost in parallel. Symphonies 5 (“Fate”) and 6 (“Pastorale”) form such a special party, and their premiere took place on the same evening in 1888. The composition is perhaps the most eloquent document of Beethoven’s admiration for nature. Among his forerunners is noteworthy Haydn’s oratorio, The Seasons, in which Beethoven himself jokingly joked in his sometimes naturalistic nature paintings. The idea of the composition occupied the composer as early as 1858. First a piano version was made, then three orchestral versions were released. His well-known figure was orchestrated by Rimsky-Korsakov. The popularity of the play is indicated by the fact that in 1940 he was also featured in his animated film Disney Fantasia. A 19–20. One of the most influential masters of the turn of the century was Claude Debussy (1862–1918). Not only did he determine the direction of the development of French composition for many decades with his exceptional instrumentation imagination and novel form construction, but he also proved to be an important source of inspiration for Hungarian music, for Bartók, Kodály and Lajtha. One of his most popular orchestral works is The Sea, under the subtitle Three Symphonic Sketches. Title titles of the items – From dawn to noon at sea; Playing waves; The dialogue between sea and wind – they apparently bear the marks of Impressionism. Almost on the sea shore we can feel the daydreaming of the fluttering and then suddenly rising and disappearing fragments of melody, the flickering orchestration and the softly surrounding tones.